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HomeBusinessFirst Punjabi War 1845-46 TAZAA News

First Punjabi War 1845-46 TAZAA News

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Author: Prof. Azizuddin Ahmed

Episode: 52

The First Punjabi War was the result of a conspiracy in which, apart from the head of the Punjabi government, Tej Singh, the commander-in-chief of his army, was involved. For the Punjab Darbar, the Punjabi army had become such a genie from the bottle of Allah Din that it was not possible to put it back in the bottle. It had become an army that faced ruin even if its wishes were met and its displeasure resulted. Rani Jindan thought that the disobedient and rebellious army should be weakened by fighting with the British and thus trying to keep it under control. To achieve this goal, it was first propagated that the British were preparing to attack Punjab. Anyway, the British were busy with these preparations from a long time ago. Therefore, it was not difficult for Jindan to prove it. The Punjabi army had also been longing to dislodge from its stronghold for a long time as there was nothing left to return to the interior. So the army soon became eager to face the British. A common soldier had no idea of ​​the military might of the British, but Panch of the Punjab army was aware of the fact. He was initially opposed to clashing with the British. But Rani Jindan used the same propaganda tactic that Panch used earlier. He launched a campaign of whispers that the war was being opposed by those who were agents and traitors of the British, thus forcing the military panchayats to fight against the British.

War was declared on Ranjit Singh’s Samadhi. There, all the Panch Committees of the army came together and vowed that they would destroy the British and die. On December 11, 1845, the Punjab army crossed the border of the Sutlej River and entered the British territory. Neither the people of Punjab were ready for this war nor the government had the necessary equipment for the fight. In this first Punjabi war, many small battles and skirmishes took place. But 3 major battles are worth mentioning.

Battle of Madki:

The first face-to-face encounter of the Punjabi army with the British army of the East India Company took place on 16 December 1845 at Madki, 20 miles from Ferozepur. The number of Punjabi army was 30 thousand and it was commanded by Wazir Lal Singh who himself was involved in the conspiracy to defeat Punjab. So the army was betrayed by its commanders. After crossing the river Sutlej, Lal Singh wrote to the English officer, Captain Nicholson, that he would hold back the cavalry for two days so that he could not be joined by the infantry, provided that he and Rani Jindan received the permission of the British Government. To be considered a friend.

Despite the treachery of the commanding general, the common soldier attacked with such bravery that the British army was thrown into disarray. The legs of the European regiment were swept away by the shelling of the Punjabi artillery. But the British won. Because the Punjabi commander left the army and ran away as soon as the battle started. Two British generals were killed in this battle. One was Major General Sir Robert Bell and the other was Major General Sergeant McCaskey. ( to be continued )

Note: This book has been published by “Book Home”. The institution does not necessarily agree with the views of the author. (All rights reserved).

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